Important parasitic diseases of livestock in Uganda

  • 143 Pages
  • 0.68 MB
  • English

Makerere University, Fountain Publishers , Kampala
Statementeditors Eli Katunguka-Rwakishaya and Chris M. Rubaire-Akiiki.
SeriesFountain improved farming guide series -- 3
ContributionsKatunguka-Rwakishaya, Eli., Rubaire-Akiiki, Chris M., Makerere University.
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 143 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23214077M
ISBN 139789970027682
LC Control Number2009314252

Background: A study was conducted in Tororo District in eastern Uganda to assess the socio-economic contribution of draft cattle to rural livelihoods. The aim of the study was to empirically quantify the economic value of draft cattle thus contributing to understanding the impact of endemic parasitic diseases of cattle on livestock productivity and subsequently household income, labor and food.

Akabane disease; Bluetongue; African horse sickness; Viral meningoencephalomyelitides of Equidae; Wesselsbron disease; Bovine ephemeral fever; African swine fever; Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Scrapie in sheep and goats; Volume 2: Infectious and Parasitic Diseases of Livestock; PART 3: Bacterial diseases.

Over 70% of the total population of Uganda are engaged in agriculture. Livestock is a major component, but growth in this sector needs improvement, mainly due to diseases and parasites that affect national herds and flocks.

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Uganda is land locked and borders 5 livestock keeping countries with a high interaction with the. Handbook of Poultry Diseases Important in Africa A Project of the Global Livestock CRSP Other names:Thrush, crop mycosis, sour crop, muguet, soor, levurosis, oidomycosis, stomatitis oidica, moniliasis.

Clinical signs and lesions:This is a mycotic infection affecting a wide variety of birds, man and other Size: 1MB. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

In other words, it is important to determine how much resources should be allocated to the detection, control and prevention of infectious and parasitic diseases in livestock systems. PDF | On Dec 1,Constable PD and others published Veterinary Medicine: A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats.

| Find, read and cite all the research you need on. Anhrax, a highly infectious and fatal disease of cattle, is caused by a relatively large spore-forming rectangular shaped bacterium called Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax causes acute mortality in ruminants. The bacteria produce extremely potent toxins which are responsible.

Livestock Sector Profile The livestock sector is one of Uganda’s important growth sectors contributing about US $ million to total GDP in /09 up from US $ million in / It constitutes 17 percent of the agricultural GDP and is a source of livelihood to about million people in the country.

Parasites are a major cause of disease and production loss in livestock, frequently causing significant economic loss and impacting on animal welfare. In addition to the impact on animal health and production, control measures are costly and often time-consuming.

A major concern is the development of resistance by worms, lice and blowflies to many of the chemicals used to control them. The most important parasitic diseases include malaria followed by helminthiasis, which is caused by several different genera and species of helminths.

Malaria parasites infect – million people each year with an annual death toll of – million people. In Kenya, there are close to 26 deaths due to malaria every year.

The. Epidemic diseases such as rinderpest, FMD, peste des petits ruminants (PPR), Newcastle disease (ND) and the swine fevers threaten national livestock industries by direct effects.

These include high levels of morbidity and mortality, control or eradication programme costs and restrictions to trade in livestock and livestock products. Parasitic diseases of cattle impair health, reproduction, growth, and productivity.

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In severe cases, parasitic diseases may even cause death. These diseases are caused by internal helminths (roundworms, tapeworms and flukes) as well as external arthropods (mites, lice, ticks, and flies). SPECIFIC DISEASES OF SHEEP AND GOATS Diseases caused by virsues Rift valley fever (RVF) Contagious ecthyma (Contagious pustular dermatitis, Orf).

African animal trypanosomiasis (AAT; tsetse disease, tsetse fly disease, African animal nagana) is a disease complex caused by infection with T. congolense, T. vivax, or T. brucei brucei, either singly or in combination. In East Africa, T. congolense is the most important cause of AAT.

Cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and pigs develop significant clinical disease if infected. The northwards spread of acute T. rhodesiense sleeping sickness in Uganda has been linked to cattle movements associated with restocking following the end to military conflict in This study examined the number of cattle traded from T.

rhodesiense endemic districts, the prevalence of the parasite in cattle being traded and the level of trypanocidal treatment at livestock markets. The Journal of Parasitic Diseases offers reviews, original papers and short communications covering progress in the newer dimensions of the discipline.

By addressing all areas and sub-areas, the journal makes an impact on the conduct. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began working in Uganda inofficially establishing a country office in With a focus on the prevention, control, and treatment of HIV/AIDS, CDC works with the Ministry of Health and other partners to.

Neglected diseases in Uganda "Public private partnerships" Uganda: Public private partnerships. Like in most developing countries, the health status of the people of Uganda is poor.

This is mainly due to infectious and parasitic diseases, most of which are preventable and/or treatable, illiteracy and perpetual poverty.

It also revealed that endemic bovine parasitic diseases such as trypanosomiasis and tick-borne diseases reduced draft cattle output by  % and potential household income from the use of draft oxen by  %.

The life cycle of the parasite is important in deciding how to treat any infestation, and the frequency of treatment. For example, lice spends their entire life on the animal, hence must be curbed. diseases and health problems. For further information on specific diseases, references and sources of additional information are available at the end of this document.

Evaluating Animal Health Status To recognize clinical signs of diseases common to sheep and goats, it is important. Animal parasites and their effect on agriculture. A parasite is an organism that lives in or on another and takes its nourishment from that other organism, or “host.” Parasites of animals and humans come in many forms, including helminths (worms), arthropods (lice, ticks, mosquitoes, etc.), and protozoa.

It will focus on neglected zoonotic diseases – ailments that are transmitted from animals. These include sleeping sickness, a parasitic disease spread by tsetse flies to humans from infected cattle. Pasteurella Haemolytica and Pasteurella Multocida These highly infectious bacteria are the major cause of pneumonia, and the most commonly found pathogens in cattle dying of respiratory disease.

This is a list of parasitic diseases, organized by the type of organism that causes the disease. (See also parasitism and. Livestock Nutrition, Husbandry, and National Range and Pasture Handbook Behavior Chapter 6 6–ii (vi, NRPH, September ) Tables Table 6–1 Gross energy values of feeds 6–2 Table 6–2 Energy adjustments for cattle 6–3 Table 6–3 Description of body condition scores 6–5 Table 6–4 Typical thermoneutral zones 6–6 Table 6–5 Animal-unit equivalents guide 6–9.

Current control of neglected tropical diseases in Uganda The control of most NTDs is the mandate of the Vector Control Division (VCD) of the Ugandan MoH. The VCD was established in the early s and led national vector-borne disease control until the s, when it virtually collapsed during military rule, only being rehabilitated in [45].

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Many species of flies of the two-winged type, Order Diptera, such as mosquitoes, horse-flies, blow-flies and warble-flies, cause direct parasitic disease to domestic animals, and transmit organisms that cause infestations and infections cause distress to companion animals, and in livestock industry the financial costs of these diseases are high.

cattle par s ites Floron C. Faries, Jr.* W ITH PROPER PREVEN IVE AND TREATMENT METHODS, producers can control many com mon internal and external parasites in cattle. Common im por ant internal parasites of cattle are hair-worms, lung worms, liver fl ukes and coccidia.

Com mon external parasites include horn fl ies, lice and grubs. L 10/. Water buffalo is an indispensable livestock in Asia and other countries due to its high meat and milk quality, aside from draft power source.

It adapts well to tropical climate and has significant contribution to the livestock industry, provided with improved breeding and good animal husbandry practices. Infectious diseases are hindrance to good reproductive performance of livestock, resulting.Safer indigenous pork and healthier ethnic minorities in Vietnam by better management of parasitic foodborne diseases The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization listed the top 10 foodborne parasites of global concern in humans, with cysticercosis (caused by Taenia solium) ranked the highest.The common stomach worms of cattle are Haemonchus placei (barber’s pole worm, large stomach worm, wire worm), Ostertagia ostertagi (medium or brown stomach worm), and Trichostrongylus axei (small stomach worm, see Trichostrongylus axei Infection in Horses).In some tropical countries, Mecistocirrus digitatus, a large worm up to 40 mm long, is present.